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Acne and its different types

Hello everyone!


Today, we wanted to discuss acne and its different types as well as their respective causes/triggers and available treatments.


It is important to identify and understand the acne you are experiencing in order to effectively treat it.


Blackheads


This is a common form of mild acne which is most often experienced by those with oily skin, on the forehead, nose and chin. They are black due to the oil and dead skin clogging the pores and oxidising.



This can be treated using a retinol which will help unclog pores. Extraction by a medical professional can also be helpful if they are persistent.

Whiteheads


These are similar to blackheads as they are caused by the same thing (i.e. pores being clogged by oil and dead skin) however they are closed meaning they do not oxidise and remain white.


This can be treated using a retinol which will help unclog pores. Extraction by a medical professional can also be helpful if they are persistent.


Pustules


These are what are commonly referred to as ‘spots’. They are caused by pores becoming extremely clogged so that the skin swells and a pustule is formed (i.e. it contains pus). It usually appears as white dot surrounded by inflamed, red skin that usually swells into a bump.


Using a face wash that contains benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can help by eliminating the bacteria. It is recommended by medical professionals not to squeeze these as it may worsen the acne.


Papules


These appear as red spots on your skin that do not have a head or appear to ‘break through’ the skin’s surface. They are caused by the growth of acne bacteria on the skin’s surface which triggers inflammation.


Using a face wash that contains benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can help by eliminating the bacteria.


Cystic


This is a more extreme form of acne that appears as swollen lumps under the skin, with pus that cannot escape. They tend to be extremely painful, difficult to get rid of permanently and often leave scars.


It is important here to see a dermatologist to gain targeted advice.


Hormonal


This is acne that emerges in the form of papules or cysts around your mouth, chin and jawline at certain times of the month. Particularly for females this fluctuates throughout the monthly cycle and as progesterone levels rise before and during your period, causing oil production (meaning pores are more likely to clog). It affects the jawline and chin most because of the amount of oil glands.


This can be treated in the same ways as above depending on how the acne emerges.


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We hoped you enjoyed today’s blog post. Next week we will be discussing antioxidants.


Claritas.



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