Today, we wanted to discuss wrinkles, its main causes and how to prevent them. It is important to remember that wrinkles are a completely natural part of ageing and we encourage you to embrace them.
What are wrinkles?
Although this may seem obvious, just to clarify wrinkles are the lines and creases that form in your skin. Some may become deep crevices which are particularly noticeable around your eyes, mouth and neck.
What causes wrinkles?
Wrinkles are most prominent on sun-exposed areas of the skin, such as the face, neck, hands and forearms. Exposure to UV light speeds up the natural ageing process, including early wrinkling. It breaks down your skin’s collagen and elastin fibers (the skin’s connective tissues) in the deeper layer of your skin (i.e. the dermis). Without these tissues, your skin loses its strength and elasticity which causes it to sag and wrinkle prematurely.
Pollutants and smoking
Smoke can accelerate the normal ageing process of the skin due to the effect it has on collagen.
Darker skin contains more melanin and protects from the harmful effects of UV radiation. Therefore, those with lighter skin tones tend to be more susceptible to early wrinkles.
Skin naturally becomes less elastic as you age. The decreased production of natural facial oils also dries your skin which makes it appear more wrinkled. The fat underneath your skin also reduces which results in looser skin and more obvious lines and crevices. Years of repeated facial expressions (e.g. squinting or smiling) also leads to fine lines and wrinkles.
What helps prevent or ‘treat’ wrinkles?
Limiting the amount of time spent in the sun, wearing protective clothing and always wearing SPF (minimum SPF30) reduces your exposure to the sun and consequently to UV rays.
As well as wearing SPF, always remember to moisturise as this traps water in your skin which can help mask tiny lines and creases. Retinoids are a key ingredient to look for in your skin care as they can help reduce fine wrinkles, hyperpigmentation and skin roughness by increasing the collagen production in the skin.
Regardless of how long you have been smoking for, stopping smoking can always improve your skin tone and texture as well as prevent wrinkles.
Dermabrasion is a procedure that involves the controlled wearing away of the upper layers of skin and it can help ‘remove’ fine wrinkles. Microdermabrasion is a similar procedure however it is less invasive.
Laser therapy treatments also destroy the outer layer of the skin to decrease wrinkles.
Radiofrequency treatments stimulate the production of new collagen by heating the underlying dermis. This tightens the skin and decreases wrinkles.
Fillers and surgery
Botox blocks the chemical signals that cause muscles to contract. It can be used to reduce wrinkles by injecting small doses of it into targeted muscles. Results only last a few months to a year so it must be done regularly for effective results.
Thank you for reading. See you next time for our post on the rise of skin sensitivity.